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Revitalizing Ahaarcharya: Ayurvedic Insights on Optimal Nutrition


Vd. Shweta Labde



Ahaarcharya, the profound science of diet and nutrition, holds paramount importance within the vast realm of Ayurveda. Rooted in ancient wisdom, Ayurveda emphasizes the significance of making conscious choices about what we consume to maintain optimal health and achieve a harmonious balance in both our bodies and minds. At the heart of ahaarcharya lies Ahaarvidhi visheshayatan, a fundamental concept encompassing specific guidelines for dietary practices. Let us delve into the depths of Ahaarcharya and explore itsc enduring relevance in the context of Ayurveda.

Understanding Ahaarcharya:

Ahaarcharya entails far more than the mere selection and consumption of food; it encompasses the entire process, spanning from the mindful selection of food to its meticulous cooking process and, ultimately, its respectful consumption. This process varies based on a multitude of factors, including the time, place, the individual partaking in the food, their unique body constitution, and their prevailing health status. These factors are eloquently encapsulated within the concept known as Ashta Ahaar vidhi visheshaytan – The eight factors of dietary regimen, as expounded in the following shloka:

Aaharcharya shloka

  • Prakriti:

    Prakriti elucidates the innate qualities of food. Some foods are heavy to digest, while others possess hot or cold properties. Specific foods exert discernible effects on doshas, such as vata aggravation or pitta pacification. It is essential to comprehend the nature of food and its impact on the individual consuming it.

  • Karan:

    Karan refers to the cooking or processing methods employed. Each culinary technique bestows distinct qualities upon the food, thereby influencing the individual. For example, roasted foods are easier to digest compared to fried or steamed alternatives. Churning curd reduces swelling, and aged rice becomes more easily digestible. Various factors such as baking, washing, tempering, and storing food in different containers also impart their influences on the inherent qualities of the food.

  • Samyog:

    Samyog emphasizes the art of food combination. Ayurveda places great emphasis on harmoniously combining compatible foods to support efficient digestion. Incompatible food combinations can lead to indigestion, impairment of bodily tissues (dhatus), chronic health issues, and the formation of toxins. For instance, the combination of milk or dairy products with fruits or fish is discouraged.

Ahaarcharya Satvik food

  • Rashi

    Rashi pertains to the quantity of food consumed, a vital aspect to consider. It encompasses individual food items as well as the overall quantity of the meal. Ayurveda advises filling one-third of the stomach with solid food, another third with liquids, and leaving the remaining third free to ensure proper digestion and assimilation. The quantity varies based on the food item and its properties, underscoring the importance of consuming food in appropriate proportions.

  • Desh:

    Desh signifies the origin of the food and the place where it is consumed. Ayurveda encourages the consumption of locally sourced food prepared using traditional methods to maintain dosha balance in accordance with the climate and requirements of the specific region. Food properties vary depending on their place of origin. For instance, food or meat from marshy areas is heavier to digest, disturbs kapha dosha, and can lead to dosha accumulation.

  • Kaal:

    ThereKaal represents time, further divided into seasonal and momentary phases. Ayurveda advocates for the inclusion of seasonal foods, adjusting food preparations and choices to align with the changing seasons and address dosha imbalances. For example, in winter, fried and fatty foods are recommended due to the presence of strong Agni (digestive fire). Similarly, foods should be tailored to suit specific dosha imbalances or prevailing health conditions. Hot foods and ghee-infused soups are advised for cough, while easily digestible foods such as rice gruel are preferred during fever.

  • Upyogsamstha (rules for use):

    While the selection and preparation methods of food are important, it is equally crucial to adhere to certain dietary rules. Ayurveda provides a comprehensive set of guidelines that steer us toward optimal nutrition and balanced health. As expressed in the following shloka:

Ahaarcharya Shloka-2

These dietary rules advocate for the consumption of freshly cooked warm food, incorporating appropriate amounts of Sneha (healthy fats or lubricating foods) such as ghee or oil, proportionate to age, hunger level, and digestive capacity. Fresh and warm food enhances the digestive fire, and facilitates efficient digestion and metabolism while nourishing the bodily tissues. Beneficial sources of healthy fats include coconut oil, sesame oil, ghee, milk, fresh butter, and peanut oil. Additionally, the quantity of food should be taken into consideration.

Ayurveda strictly discourages frequent munching and overeating. It is recommended to consume food only when hungry or once the previously eaten food has been thoroughly digested. This practice ensures optimal processing of nutrients and waste products, preventing the accumulation of aam (toxic residue) in the body. Paying attention to incorporating all six tastes in the right proportion is paramount. Consuming food inappropriate quantities and adhering to compatible food combinations sustains dosha equilibrium, supports agni, and enhances longevity.

Ahaarcharya Daily needed food

Eating is not a mere daily chore; it is a sacred ritual that deserves profound respect for the betterment of oneself. Therefore, it is essential to practice mindful eating, approaching meals with a sense of gratitude towards the nourishment they provide. One should sit in a proper and comfortable position, preferably with legs folded and back straight, engaging all senses and focus in the act of eating. Minimizing distractions and stress during meals optimizes the absorption of nutrients. Food should be thoroughly chewed, avoiding both slow and hasty eating. Meals should be consumed in clean and pleasant environments, fostering a calm and peaceful atmosphere. Maintaining a pleasant state of mind and physique is vital, necessitating the avoidance of arguments, disgrace, anger, excessive laughter, or excessive talking at the dining table. These practices ensure proper digestion and nourishment of both the mind and body.

It is imperative to remain conscious of the food we consume. Eating consciously involves assessing whether the food items are healthy or unhealthy, suitable for our individual body constitution and health status. Let us avoid consuming food with guilt.

Nutritious food daily life

  • Upayokta (user):

    The person consuming the food is known as the upyokta. Collectively, these eight factors comprise Ahaarcharya. Ahaarcharya, with its dietary rules and guidelines, offers a holistic approach to nutrition and well-being in Ayurveda. By embracing fresh and natural foods, practicing mindful eating, balancing tastes and doshas,employing proper food combining techniques, and considering the qualities of food, we can nourish our bodies, support digestion, and promote overall health. By incorporating these Ayurvedic principles into our daily lives, we embark on a transformative journey towards optimal nutrition and holistic wellness.

आयुर्वेदी भव

Vd. Shweta Labde

11 thoughts on “Revitalizing Ahaarcharya: Ayurvedic Insights on Optimal Nutrition”

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